Claiming Your Share in Ancestral Property in India: A Comprehensive Guide

In India, ancestral property holds great significance, often passed down through generations. If you have a rightful claim to a share in such property, it’s crucial to understand the legal process involved in obtaining your rightful inheritance. This guide provides a comprehensive overview of how to get your share in ancestral property in India.

Understanding Ancestral Property:

Ancestral property, also known as ‘coparcenary property,’ typically includes assets inherited up to four generations of male lineage. This property is governed by the Hindu Succession Act, 1956, and each coparcener (family member with a birthright) has an equal share.

Steps to Get Your Share in Ancestral Property:

  1. Ascertain Your Right:
    • Determine your status as a coparcener based on your relationship to the original owner. As a son, daughter, or widow, you have a legitimate claim.
  2. Verification of Title:
    • Ensure the title of the property is clear and free from encumbrances or disputes. If necessary, consult a legal expert to verify the property’s status.
  3. Initiate a Partition Suit:
    • If the property has not been divided among the coparceners, you may need to file a partition suit in court. This legal action formally divides the property into distinct shares.
  4. Property Valuation:
    • Engage a professional valuator to assess the property’s market value, which will be crucial in determining each coparcener’s share.
  5. Draft a Partition Deed:
    • Upon court approval of the partition suit, draft a partition deed specifying each coparcener’s share. Ensure it adheres to legal requirements.
  6. Registration and Stamp Duty:
    • Register the partition deed at the local Sub-Registrar’s Office and pay the necessary stamp duty. The stamp duty will be based on the property’s value.
  7. Possession and Ownership:
    • After the partition deed is registered, you gain legal possession and ownership of your share in the ancestral property.


  • Tax Implications: Be aware of any capital gains tax that may arise during the partition of ancestral property.
  • Legal Assistance: Consulting with a legal expert or property lawyer can ensure you follow the correct legal procedures and fulfill all necessary obligations.
  • Family Disputes: In some cases, familial disputes can arise during partition. Seeking an amicable resolution through mediation or family discussions can be beneficial.
  • Gifts and Wills: If the ancestral property owner has gifted or bequeathed their share to someone else, the legal process may become more complex. Consult a legal expert in such cases.


Claiming your share in ancestral property in India is a legal process that requires careful consideration of your rights, legal requirements, and potential disputes. By following the correct steps and seeking legal counsel when needed, you can ensure a smooth and legitimate transition of ownership in ancestral property, preserving its legacy for generations to come.

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