“Demystifying CGAS Account in India: Eligibility Criteria and Account Opening Process”

The Capital Gains Accounts Scheme (CGAS) in India is a beneficial option for individuals seeking to save on capital gains tax arising from the sale of property. To take advantage of this scheme, understanding the eligibility criteria and the account opening process is essential. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll delve into the key aspects of opening a CGAS account, ensuring you’re well-equipped with the knowledge you need.

Eligibility Criteria for Opening a CGAS Account

Before you proceed to open a CGAS account, it’s important to meet the eligibility criteria set by the Indian Income Tax Department. The following conditions must be fulfilled:

  1. Capital Gains: The account can be opened only if you’ve made a capital gain. This typically arises from the sale of a house or property.
  2. Tax Applicability: To avail of the benefits of the CGAS, you should be eligible for capital gains tax as per the Income Tax Act, 1961.
  3. Type of Property: The scheme covers both short-term and long-term capital gains arising from the sale of a residential property, land, or commercial property.
  4. Timeline for Deposit: The amount of capital gains must be deposited in the CGAS account before the due date for filing your income tax return. This due date is usually July 31st of the assessment year.
  5. Non-Purchase of Property: It’s important to note that the benefit of this scheme can only be claimed if you’re not purchasing another property within the stipulated time frame for doing so. This condition does not apply if you’re constructing a residential property.

Account Opening Process

Opening a CGAS account involves a series of steps that need to be followed meticulously. Here’s a step-by-step guide:

  1. Choose a Bank: Select a bank that offers the CGAS facility. Major banks across India provide this service.
  2. Visit the Bank: Pay a visit to the chosen bank’s branch that offers CGAS and express your intent to open an account.
  3. Form Submission: Collect the CGAS account opening form from the bank. Fill it out accurately, providing all necessary details.
  4. Documents Required: Along with the filled-out form, you’ll need to submit the following documents:
    • Proof of Identity (Aadhar card, passport, etc.)
    • Proof of Address (Aadhar card, utility bills, etc.)
    • Sale agreement or property documents
    • PAN card
  5. Deposit Capital Gains: Transfer the amount of capital gains to the CGAS account. This must be done before the due date to avail of the tax benefits.
  6. Account Type Selection: Choose between the two types of CGAS accounts: Type A (for short-term capital gains) or Type B (for long-term capital gains).
  7. Receive Acknowledgment: Upon successful deposit, the bank will provide an acknowledgment specifying the amount deposited and the type of account chosen.
  8. Withdrawal: The deposited amount can be withdrawn as needed for constructing or purchasing a property. Any unused amount must be utilized within the specified time frames to avoid tax implications.


The Capital Gains Accounts Scheme (CGAS) offers a valuable avenue for minimizing capital gains tax while ensuring compliance with the Income Tax Act. By understanding the eligibility criteria and the account opening process, you can effectively leverage this scheme to your advantage. Remember to consult with a financial advisor or tax consultant for personalized guidance tailored to your specific financial situation. Open a CGAS account today and take a step towards optimizing your tax liabilities while securing your financial future.

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