Is PAN Must For Property Sale, Purchase, and Renting in India?

In the realm of real estate transactions in India, one common question that often arises is whether possessing a PAN (Permanent Account Number) is mandatory for property sale, purchase, or renting. PAN, issued by the Income Tax Department, serves as a unique identifier for individuals or entities undertaking financial transactions. In this blog post, we will delve into the necessity of PAN in property dealings in India and clarify any confusion surrounding this topic.

Understanding PAN Requirement in Property Transactions

Property Sale

When it comes to selling property in India, whether it’s land, house, or any other real estate asset, having a PAN becomes imperative under certain circumstances:

  1. Capital Gains Tax: If you are selling a property and making a profit, you are liable to pay capital gains tax. To facilitate this tax payment, the buyer is required to deduct TDS (Tax Deducted at Source) at the rate of 1% if the property value exceeds ₹50 lakhs. To do this, the buyer needs your PAN.
  2. Registration: During property registration, providing PAN details is typically mandatory. This ensures transparency and helps the authorities track property transactions for tax compliance purposes.

Property Purchase

Similarly, when purchasing property in India, PAN plays a crucial role:

  1. TDS Compliance: As mentioned earlier, if you’re buying property exceeding ₹50 lakhs, you’re required to deduct 1% TDS before making the payment to the seller. To fulfill this obligation, you need the seller’s PAN.
  2. Registration: Just like the seller, as a buyer, you’re also required to furnish your PAN details during the registration process.

Property Renting

In the case of property renting, the PAN requirement varies based on the rent amount:

  1. Rent Exceeding ₹1 Lakh per Month: If the monthly rent exceeds ₹1 lakh, the tenant is obligated to deduct TDS at the rate of 5% before paying the rent to the landlord. PAN details of the landlord are necessary for this purpose.
  2. Registration of Rental Agreement: While registering a rental agreement, providing PAN details of both the landlord and the tenant might be required in some states for documentation purposes.

Exceptions and Considerations

While PAN is generally required for property transactions in India, there are a few exceptions and considerations to keep in mind:

  • Exemptions: Certain transactions may be exempt from TDS deductions, such as agricultural land transactions or transactions where the seller is a non-resident Indian (NRI) and capital gains are exempt under specific conditions.
  • PAN of NRI Sellers/Buyers: In the case of property transactions involving NRIs, if they do not have a PAN, they can provide alternative documents like OCI (Overseas Citizen of India) card or passport.
  • Joint Ownership: In cases of joint ownership, PAN details of all co-owners may be required for compliance purposes.


In conclusion, while PAN is not a universal requirement for all property transactions in India, it is indeed a crucial aspect, especially concerning tax compliance and TDS deductions. Whether you’re selling, purchasing, or renting property, ensuring PAN compliance is essential to avoid any legal complications and ensure smooth transactions. Therefore, it’s advisable to be well-informed about the PAN requirements specific to your situation and seek professional guidance if needed to navigate the intricacies of property transactions in India.

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